Raise Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson (January 31, 1919 October 24, 1972) came be the first player of Afro-American Major League Baseball of it Jackie Robinson statistics was modern in 1 1947.  The Baseball Hall of Fame Robinson initiated in 1962 and he they were a member of six teams of the world series. Jackie gained six appointments all stellar consecutive of the Play and gained various prizes during its career. In 1947, Robinson gained The Sports Novice of News of the Prize of Year and the first Novice of MLB of the Prize of the Prize of Year. Two years later, Jackie was granted its first National Prize of the League MVP. Besides his achievements in the country, Jackie Robinson was also a precursor of the Civil Movement of Rights. The he was a key figure in the establishment and the growth of the Bank of the Liberty , Jackie Robinson statistics an Afro-American one he possessed and the company controlled, in the sixties. The it wrote also a Jackie Robinson statistics the newspaper column during various years, in which he was an open follower of King of Martin Luther Son and, to a smaller degree, Malcolm X. X. 
Robinson did campaign actively for various politicians, inclusive both democratic Hubert Humphrey, and Richard Nixon republican.
In the recognition of its achievements, Robinson received posthumously a medal of Congressional gold and the Presidential Medal of the Liberty . 
In April 15, 1997, the 50 anniversary of year of its presentation in the MLB, the Major League Baseball retired the number 42, the number Robinson carried, in the recognition of its achievements in the country and of the field.  In 1950, he was the subject of a film biography, The History of Jackie Robinson, in which he was played. The he came be a political activist in his days of post-playing.
* 1 Early Life
* 2 Military Career
* 3 The smooth talkers
* 4 Life of the Post-Baseball
* 5 Prizes and the recognition
Or 5,1 Tribute 60 of the Anniversary
* 6 Footnote
* 7 They See also
* 8 References
* 9 External Connections
Jackie Robinson in the Leagues of the Black one, 1945
Jackie Robinson in the Leagues of the Black one, 1945
In 1919, Jackie Robinson, the more youth of five children,  was born in The Cairo, Georgia during a Spanish epidemic of Flu and Smallpox.  In 1920, its family moved to Pasadena , California  after its father abandoned them. 
Growing, he lived in the relative poverty  and even he united a local gang of neighborhood. Finally, the friend Carl Anderson persuaded Robinson to abandon the gang. 
In 1935, Jackie Robinson graduated of the Institute of the less than Dakota and registered in the Institute of John Muir (“Technology of Muir 9).  There he played in various Muir the teams, and in lettered sports Technical in four of them. The he was a shortstop and the receiver in the team of the baseball, a marshal of field in the team of soccer, a guard in the team of basketball, and in a member of the team of the tennis and the squad of the trace and the field. The he gained the prizes in the long jump. 
In 1936, he captured the championship less than individual of boys in the annual peaceful Tournament of the Tennis of the Black one of the Coast, crashed as the marshal of field, and he gained a place in the annual tournament of the baseball of Pomona the team all stellar, one that included the future Vestibule of the Major League Baseball of Famers Ted William and Short Lemon.  The next year, Jackie played for the team of basketball of the institute. That year, the newspaper of Star-News of Pasadena ran a piece in Jackie. 
After leaving Muir, Jackie attended Pasadena the Smaller School and played so much the soccer as the baseball.  The it played marshal of field and security for the team of soccer, the shortstop and the beginning whip for the team of the baseball, and they took part in the long jump.
While in PJC, he was elected to the “Lancers,” a Jackie Robinson statistics student runs police the organization responsible for patrolling several activities of the school.  The he dated and he made friends. Nevertheless, in January 25, 1938, he was person under arrest, the speculative reason, and sentenced to two probation of years. 
In 1938, he was elected to the every Southland the Smaller School (the baseball) the Team and chosen as the region the majority of The Valuable Players. 
In February 4, 1939, he played its last play of the basketball in Pasadena Jackie Smaller college Student then received a pin of gold and was called to the school “the Order of the Stick and the Dagger”. 
Jackie Robinson served in the Army U.S. of 1942-1944 as a second lieutenant, and its actions during its active duty did not only foretell their infringement of the line of the color in the baseball, but they should have influenced also, nevertheless indirectly, the President Harry S. The decision of Truman to integrate US. The armed forces in 1948. When the aid of the find to the Roles of Jackie Robinson in the Library of Congress succinctly you note, the file includes:
[P]Ersonnel registers of the active duty of Robinson, inclusive you charge of court martial to result of insubordination of its refusal to obey an order for move to the back of a military bus segregated in Tiles. A military jury absolved Robinson, and in brief later, he received a honorable discharge”. 
Jackie thus was revealed to be a principle years man and value before he entered the public eye. Its July 6, 1944 refusal to be submitted to laws of Raven of Jim while in the army is previous, no matter how more a decade, a similar one, but a lot of “position” more extensively-known by Parks of Rose, that famously refused to renounce its seat in a public bus in 1955.  In its August 2, 1944 court Jackie martial was found innocent of insubordination. The it was discharged honorable of the military duty in November 28, 1944, but its history, and its resistance to the hatred established in strange notions spawned by the scientific racism and by prejudice popular only really had begun barely. 
The racism that poisoned the baseball penetrated American every company. Robinson of Jackie the notable value and its resolved one they signify the simple human decency owes therefore seen as deeply important not only to professional sport, but to the totality of the American company. The early resistance of Jackie to the racism in the army should also recall us that there were perhaps thousands on thousands of “Jackie Robinsons” who Jackie Robinson statistics he with similar gestures, both small and large, but of whom we never will know, as its lives never entered the public candlestick in such to strike and the spectacular way.
The smooth talkers
The statue in the Olympic Stadium of Montreal
The statue in the Olympic Stadium of Montreal
In the late years forty, the Branch Rickey was a president of club and general director of the smooth talkers of Brooklyn . The smooth talkers began to explore Robinson, and Rickey finally chose it of a list of promising Afro-American players. Robinson came be the first player in fifty-seven years to break the line of the color of the Baseball.
In 1946, the smooth talkers assigned Jackie Robinson to the Montreal Real. Jackie advanced to direct the International League to bat averages with a 0,349 middle, and negotiating the percentage with a 0,985 percentage.  On account of the play of Jackie in 1946, the smooth talkers called he to play for the club of the main league in 1947. Robinson did their presentation of the main league in April 15, 1947, playing first base when he was 0 for 3 against the Boston they Confront.
Through the season, Robinson experienced the harassment in the hands of so much of the players as the fans. The it was abused verbally by its own companions of team and by members of opposite teams. Some players of the smooth talker insinuated they would sit down was before that play the side Robinson. The riot finished when administration of smooth talker informed those players that were free of the employment of the find in another part.
In April 22, 1947, during a play between the smooth talkers and Philadelphia Phillies, players of Phillies called Jackie a ” Jackie Robinson statistics ” of his trench, and they shouted that he “should return to the fields of the cotton”.  Rickey would recall as soon as the Phillies’ director, Ben Chapman, “did more than any to join with the smooth talkers. When did he leave that cord of the excessive abuse, he solidified and he joined with thirty men”.  Member of a Happy Sailboat Baseball commission he admonished the Phillies and he asked Chapman he placed for photographs with Robinson as a conciliatory gesture.
The Pis of the shortstop of smooth Reese Tiny, that would be a companion of team of Robinson for the best part of a decade, was one of the few players that defended to Jackie Robinson statistics Robinson during his season of novice. During the first team travel of the road, in Cincinnati , Ohio , Robinson was interrupted by fans when Reese, the captain of the team of smooth talkers, walked on and embraced Robinson in a gesture of support that calmed itself the fans and now has earned the nearby-legendary position. Reese was cited once the said about Robinson “You can hate a man for many reasons, the color is not one of them”. Besides, the Jewish Hank of the star of the baseball Greenberg, that had faced earlier considerable anti-semitism in its career, did a point of Robinson welcoming to the main leagues.
For its services, Jackie gained the minimum wage of the main league of $5.000, that was uniform for many novices in the time. That year, he played in 151 play, the blow. 297, he directed the National League in bases stolen and earned the very first Novice of the Prize of Year. Although Jackie played each play that Jackie Robinson statistics at the beginning base, Robinson spent most of his career as a second man of base.
Two years later, Jackie gained the most Valuable prize of Player for the National League. The it would gain their only ring of the championship when the smooth talkers strike the New York to Yankees in the 1955 world series. After the 1956 season, Robinson to be traded by the smooth talkers to the Gigantic of new York for Dick Littlefield and $30.000 cash. Before that the report to the Giants, Robinson chose to be retired at age 37.
Robinson was a batter disciplined and a versatile defender. The it had a 0,311 career that bats averages and substantially more walks than strikeouts and was a stealer despicable outstanding. No another player since World War Two has stolen at home more than Robinson. During their career, the smooth talkers played in six world series and Jackie played in six play all stellar. The is a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame and a member of the Team of the EVERY Century. In one from its the majority of the famous appointments, he said “I am not concerned with its to want neither to have aversion to me… all I ask is that you respects me as a human that is”. 
Life of announces-baseball
Jackie Robinson and its son David for to be interviewed in the “March in Washington ” August 28, 1963 Of the National File
Jackie Robinson and its son David for to be interviewed in the “March in Washington “
August 28, 1963
Of the National File
Robinson retired in January 5, 1957. The it had wanted to handle or to coach in the main leagues, but did not receive the offerings. [the citation needed] The came be a vice president for the Full one OR’ the corporation of Nuts instead of that, and he served in the board of the NAACP until 1967, when he renounced. During the early one to late 50’s, Jackie and Louis Ostrer possessed Robinson of Jackie, a store of the clothes of men located in the S. 125 in the City of new York .
The it was initiated in the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962, its first year of the eligibility, coming to be the first Afro-American one so honored. In June 4, 1972 the smooth talkers retired its uniform numbers 42 to the side Roy Campanella (39) and Koufax covered with sand (32).
Robinson did its final public appearance in October 14, 1972, before the Play 2 of the world series. The it utilized this opportunity to Jackie Robinson statistics express its desire for a black director to be an employee by a team of the Major League Baseball. 
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